Gum Disease, Causes, Treatment and Prevention

gum disease procedures at cosmetic dentist in boca raton

What is Gum Disease?
Gum disease (also known as Periodontal disease) is an inflammatory condition that affects the surrounding and supporting soft tissues around the teeth, including the jawbone when in its’ most advanced stages. Gum disease is usually preceded by gingivitis; which is the bacterial infection on the gum tissues. The bacterial infection affects gums when toxins contained in the plaque start irritating and inflaming the gum tissue. Once the bacterial infection has colonized in your gum pockets that are between your teeth, it becomes rather hard to remove or treat. Gum disease is basically a progressive condition which can eventually lead to destruction of the jawbone and connective tissue. If it’s left untreated, the condition can lead to loose teeth, shifting teeth, and eventually loss of teeth. Gum disease is actually the major cause of lots of tooth loss among the adults in developed countries, therefore the condition needs to be promptly treated.

Gum Disease Prevention
Gum diseases destroys the support of natural teeth. That being so, there are numerous different gum diseases and they require different treatment approaches. For instance; dental plaque is one of the primary causes of gum diseases in the genetically susceptible folks; Daily flossing and brushing will help prevent most gum disease conditions.

Why Oral Hygiene is so Important
Adults who are over 35 years lose more teeth to gum disease than from cavities. 3 out of 4 adults get affected at some point in their life. The best way of preventing cavities and gum diseases is by proper teeth flossing and brushing techniques, performed on a daily basis. Gum diseases and decays are both as a result of bacterial plaque. Dental plaque is a colorless film that sticks to the teeth near the gum line. Dental plaque constantly forms around the teeth and by thoroughly brushing and flossing your teeth daily, you can remove the germs and this will help in preventing gum disease.

Causes of Gum Disease
Gum disease is a condition that’s mostly caused by poor oral hygiene which allows the bacteria in calculus and plaque to remain on your teeth and eventually infect the gums. However, there are some other factors which increase the risks of developing the condition.

Here are some common risk factors:

  • Chewing or smoking tobacco prevents gum tissues from healing.
  • Overlapping, crooked and rotated teeth create more places for calculus and plaque to accumulate, hence making it a lot harder to keep them clean.
  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy, menopause and puberty usually correlate with rise in gingivitis. This increase in the hormones makes the blood vessels that are in your gums to get more susceptible to chemical and bacterial attack.
  • Cancer and treatment of cancer can make someone more susceptible to the infection thus increases the risk of having gum disease.
  • Stress impairs your body’s immune response, thus you are more prone to bacterial invasion.
  • Mouth breathing may be harsh on your gums if they are not protected by your lips, causing a chronic inflammation and irritation.
  • Poor nutrition, like diets that are high in carbohydrates and sugar, and also low water intake, can increase plaque formation. Moreover, deficiency of some important nutrients like vitamin C can impair healing.
  • Diabetes mellitus can impair circulation, and gums’ healing ability.
  • Some medications like anti-seizure medications can promote gum disease.

Treatment of Gum Disease

It’s crucial to halt progression of gum disease before it leads to further damages to the jawbone and

gum tissues. A visit to Cosmetic Dentist in Boca Raton will let the dentist assess your whole mouth so as

to ascertain the actual progress of the gum disease. After thorough dental examination, the dentist will

present you with a specifically customized treatment plan which addresses and treats your specific


In case you have a moderate gum disease, pockets under the teeth gum line will be cleared of debris via

a procedure known as root planning and scaling. The pockets might be filled using antibiotics so as to

promote proper healing and to kill any remaining bacteria.

Severe gum disease can get treated in some of the following ways:

  • Laser treatment: This may be used so as to reduce the pocket’s size between the gums and teeth.
  • Tissue and bone grafting: Where a significant amount of gum tissue or bone has been destroyed, the dentist might elect to graft some new tissue by inserting the membrane in order to stimulate growth of new tissue.
  • Pocket elimination surgery: Your dentist might elect to perform the flap surgery so as to directly reduce size of your gum pockets.

For more information on gum disease or to schedule an appointment, call Cosmetic Dentist in Boca Raton at (561) 232-2070